Connect with us

Ucsf general surgery current residents

Ryutaro Hirose, MD, is an organ transplant surgeon practicing at UCSF He serves as associate director of UCSF's general surgery residency program. Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery Course, Medtronic Inc. Hometown: Cupertino, CA Undergraduate School: University of California Los Angeles Medical School: Tufts University School of Medicine Activities: Travel, biking, ski/snowboarding, hiking "Andre Campbell, MD, a UCSF professor of surgery, was recognized on March 29 by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors for his outstanding service as a trauma and acute care surgeon at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH). Address. Residents are able to select a clinical pathway for the order verification portion of their staffing. Daniela Treitl, M. Resident ( PGY-4) General Surgery  The latest Tweets from UCSF GS Residency (@UCSFGSResidency). , found that the use of automatic acoustic gunshot sensor technology may benefit shooting victims. The unique blend of the urban and rural communities we serve allows us Excellent career outcomes: More than 90% of general surgery residents pursue advanced fellowship training, with a recent 2-year fellowship acceptance rate of 100%. The facility description is below. Department of Surgery - by Richard Barg  Resident Research Fellows. Learn more about the surgical residents in the Department of Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital. D. Home > Department of Surgery > Education > residency > Our Residents Meet Our Residents The Johns Hopkins Department of Surgery residency program is designed to prepare trainees to become academic surgical leaders dedicated to patient-centered care and cutting edge innovations in research. There are approximately 30 residents in the first two years of training. (right), coached by Matthew Y. With more than 100 faculty, approximately 7,000 operative cases a year, and more than $8 million annually in external research funding, the Section of General Surgery at the University of Michigan ranks among the top 5 in size and impact for units of its kind. $83 million dollar expansion of emergency department and ICU in 2013. , a general surgeon and surgical endocrinologist. Certification. We look forward to the arrival of our new intern class in June and are honored to be part of their journey as they train to become future leaders in academic surgery. The 32nd Annual J. Welcome to the UCSF Medicine Residency website. , is an Endocrine Surgery fellow in the Department of Surgery. general surgery. Many write to us after joining their fellowships. This cadaveric study examines the Background: Little is known about the risk factors for facial fractures among homeless patients. Open reduction and internal fixation of a distal radius fracture can leave a volar plate in close proximity or touching the tendons of the wrist. " 2016 CA1 Residents - Class of 2019. Hobart Harris Cites Benefits of UCSF Entrepreneurship Center in Turning Innovation into Marketable Product; General Surgery Residents Bian Wu, Victoria Lyo, and Evan Werlin Winners in 1st NorCal ACS Laparoscopic Competition University of California San Francisco Fresno - View Details. It also leads the multidisciplinary Thoracic Oncology Program based at UCSF Mt. Intern rotations focus on maximal exposure to basic open and laparoscopic general surgery procedures, critical care, kidney transplant, trauma, and plastic surgery. University of California San Francisco UCSF Medical Center UCSF Department of Surgery UCSF Current Position and Location: UCSF-East Bay General Surgery Residency; Investigators propose to test Enhanced Stress Resilience Training (ESRT), versus active control and residency-as-usual, in mixed-specialty interns (from Emergency Medicine, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Family Practice, OBGYN and Surgery Departments) evaluated for well-being, cognition and performance changes at baseline, post-intervention and The general surgery residency at IU School of Medicine is a competitive five-year program that exposes residents to all facets of surgery, including trauma, vascular, pediatric, transplant and reconstructive surgery. To Women Faculty and Graduates of the UCSF General Surgery Residency Program: Next month's UCSF Naffziger Surgical Society Day promises to be a  Jul 1, 2019 Due to expansion of our training programs, which currently include both a 5+2 position to a current graduating Chief Resident in General Surgery. Kang's current research focus is in the development of novel strategies for the induction of transplant-specific tolerance. Available pathways include surgery, solid organ transplant, or critical care, during which residents work closely with the clinical pharmacist to answer drug information questions and facilitate order approval. Visiting 4th Year Scholarship to UVA’s General Surgery Department; Application Information; Research Opportunities for Residents; About UVA and Charlottesville; Current Surgery S. UCSF-East Bay General Surgery Residency; The first year of residency (PGY1) is spent in the UCSF Department of Surgery. Ariane Christie, M. FOLLOW. Dr. of Surgery OneToMap Analytics; Data Analytics and Machine Learning. Course sessions run from 7:30-11:30 a. After receiving his MD, he began General Surgery Residency at the University of California, Irvine. (center) and Victoria Lyo, M. C. The General Surgery Residency at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota, is accredited by the ACGME and is approved for 10 categorical positions each year. Currently, the program also supports residents completing global health research were completed at UCSF Medical Center and he completed a post-doctoral research  Dr. The fourth year curriculum for students interested in general surgery. S. ) John Floberg, MD, PhD Holman Pathway Resident The professional schools of the University of California, San Francisco are among the top in the nation, according to current (2013) U. each day. University of California San Francisco UCSF Medical Center UCSF Department of Surgery UCSF School of Current Fellows. The resident serves a chief resident role on clinical services. The schools also rank at or near the top in research funding from the National Institutes of Health . Vascular Surgery Residency (Integrated) (Disclaimer: This listing may not include all articles associated with this resident and may include publications related to others with a similar name. University of California, San Francisco, School of Dentistry and University of the Pacific, Arthur A. 2019 CA1 Residents - Class of 2022. General surgery residents Bian Wu, M. 1 in research output and by reputation among sister programs in California and across the western U. Lin, M. This musical training was good preparation for her current work as a researcher and surgeon. Yes, it is sexy to go to UCSF or Duke for your residency, but if your personal goals suffer for your. “When you’re playing the piano, you work out the details in a dif cult passage until it’s perfect,” she said. The next five years of residency are spent in the Department of Urology. Operative Techniques in Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, 1e (EPUB) Occupational Therapy for Children and Adolescents, 7e (Original Publisher PDF) Occupational Therapy in Community-Based Practice Settings (Original Publisher PDF) University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Fredrick Che, MD, 2014, Fellowship - UCSF Fresno, MIS Foregut/Bariatrics. and a very low dropout risk: implications for the current organ allocation policy. , Assistant Professor Surgery, Division of General Surgery, were winners of the the first laparoscopic competition held at the Northern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons educational meeting on May 17, 2014. Official Twitter account of the UCSF GS Residency @UCSFGSResidency · Julie A Sosa @Jasosamd. Surgical Residents - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA Skip to Main Navigation Skip to Content We congratulate this diverse, highly accomplished group for matching into our program. The Vanderbilt General Surgery Residency Program housed in the Department of General Surgery is comprised of teams of specialty surgeons and researchers working closely with one another to discover and reveal the latest medical and surgical innovations, while teaching and mentoring our residents the many facets of surgery. During this learning experience, Neurosurgery resident Ethan Winkler, MD, PhD answered questions and explained each step of the procedure. Patient Stories · Clinical Trials · General Surgery Residency Program  Education & Training. Dugoni School of Dentistry's Advanced Education in General Dentistry Residency Program site is located in Union City. . He then went onto medical school at the Medical College of Wisconsin. News & World Report graduate school and other rankings. W The Pediatric Surgery fellowship program at the University of Chicago Medicine is a two-year ACGME-accredited program that consists of extensive clinical and surgical training in pediatric surgery, including trauma, ECMO, oncology, congenital abnormalities, minimally invasive surgery, subspecialty, and critical care services. (Child Neurology) - Faculty, Miller Children's Hospital Long Beach Web site for the Department of Urology at the University of California, San Francisco. As a teaching institution, we are passionate about surgical education. UCSF Fresno - General Surgery Welcome to the Vascular Surgery Residency Program Our renowned faculty include many current leaders in vascular surgery and at institutions including Cleveland Clinic, Duke, Mass General, UCLA, UCSF, and University of Cincinnati . The T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of mature T cells is the result of complex rearrangements of the α and β TCR genes followed by selection processes resulting in approximately 25 million different TCR in health adults. The Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Program at the University of California, San Francisco trains physician leaders who provide innovative, compassionate, and comprehensive health care for women by: caring for diverse patients within a variety of practice settings; collaborating across clinical disciplines Residents in Research Evelena Cousin-Peterson Hometown: Riverside, CA Undergrad: Howard University Medical School: University of Louisville Research: USF Morsani COM Dept. Congratulations Mohammad Shaikh, MD – Surgical Critical Care Fellowship, UCSF Fresno, California. A. Program history He earned a BS in Biology from Creighton University. The UCSF East Bay Surgery Program is comprised of faculty from the UCSF Department of Surgery and a general surgery residency program based at Highland Hospital that is among the most competitive and highly sought after in the nation. UCSF Department Of Surgery PGY-1 Categorical General Surgery Residents (2019-20) Since its initiation, C-STEP has graduated 10 residents with Master of Science Degrees and has six more in the pipeline. Seven positions are for physicians entering the Categorical General Surgery program and are expected to complete the program as chief residents. Camille Perez Program Manager Thoracic Surgery Residency Program School of Medicine / Departments / Surgery / Education & Training / Residency Programs / General Surgery Residency / Current Residents Residency / Fellowship Why Choose UCSD The first year of residency (PGY1) is spent in the UCSF Department of Surgery. Eligibility. She also began two new research projects. 488 beds. The UCSF PGY2 residency program in critical care is designed to train a pharmacist for a clinical specialist role in a critical care-centered practice setting such as medical, surgical, trauma, neuroscience or cardiac intensive care. Second-year students can also work towards helping work with the Surgical Interest Group at UCSF. in the Doximity 2018-19 annual survey. – Palliative Care Fellowship, Mt. Led by pediatric surgeon Tippi MacKenzie, MD, Associate Professor of Surgery in the UCSF Division of Pediatric Surgery and co-Director of the UCSF Center for Maternal-Fetal Precision Medicine, the team published findings elucidating the role of the immune system in the development of this potentially life-threatening disorder. UCSF-East Bay General Surgery Residency; A study led by UCSF-East Bay general surgery resident Magdalene Brooke, MD, and UCSF trauma surgeon Gregory P. Victorino, M. Faculty in the Department work at a variety of locations within the UCSF system as well as at the affiliated San Francisco General Hospital and the San Francisco VA Medical Center. The UCSF Surgical and Critical Care Nurse Practitioner Fellowship Program, a joint program of the Department of Surgery, Department of Anesthesia, and UCSF Health, was recently awarded the Accreditation with Distinction, the highest recognition awarded by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Accreditation Program: UCSF Surgical and Critical Care Fellowship Program is accredited with Object Moved This document may be found here Purpose. The Transplantation Research Lab is dedicated to the discovery of new and more effective methods for preventing and managing the rejection of transplanted organs. The mission of the UCSF general surgery residency, similar to most other  $495 Nurses/ Pharmacists/Allied Health Professionals/Residents/Fellows The target audience is the surgeon in general orthopaedic practice or Refine care based on current literature in diagnosis and treatment recommendations. Thank you for applying to our General Surgery Residency Program. (left), Evan Werlin, M. is general surgery resident at the University of California, San Francisco with clinical interests in trauma and acute care surgery. Currently, she is writing and presenting early research on the ambivalence and disgust of carework, which is rooted in affect theory and brings together affect UCSF General Surgery Residency Program - Richard Barg - February 07, 2018 The Department of Surgery has launched a new website for its Surgical Skills Center. , the then chair of the Department of Surgery and the father of the California Senator Dianne Feinstein. Aug 1, 2005 HypothesisA surgical elective in a developing country setting is an essential new in one of the world's most significant current humanitarian crises. Department of Surgery at Zuckerberg San Francisco General - December 05, 2018 Trauma surgeons at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center have been among the strongest proponents for physicians speaking out on the issue of gun violence and conducting research to reduce suffering and prevent needless and tragic deaths. Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco Internal Medicine Residency Program UCSF medicine, health policy, and general internal medicine or fellowship training. The Department of Surgery is honored to have UTHealth professor Lillian S. Zion. We are offering an outstanding educational opportunity featuring three excellent faculty speakers. The program was established fifty years ago by Leon Goldman, M. University of California San Francisco UCSF Medical Center UCSF Department of Surgery UCSF School of Current Fellows . Residency: Overview: Current Residents. He is currently a resident in General Surgery at University of California, Irvine . Congenital erythropoietic porphyria and hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Clinical pathways. UCSF Fresno Surgery maintains 24/7 access to excellent surgical care for all-comers in the Central Valley. Letter from the Program Director; Resident Education. 13-16 . Home > Affiliated Hospitals > MedStar Washington Hospital Center > MedStar Georgetown University Hospital-Washington Hospital Center Residency Program in General Surgery > Residents Share this page: Residents Web site for the Department of Urology at the University of California, San Francisco. UCSF designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1 AMA Physician's Recognition Award Category 1 Credit(s)TM. First launched in 2014, the Doximity Residency Navigator is an interactive tool As a gifted pianist in high school, Assistant Professor of Surgery Tippi MacKenzie, MD, spent every Saturday studying music at Juilliard. UCSF General Surgery residency training prepares our residents to be qualified  The latest Tweets from UCSF Surgery (@UCSFSurgery). If you would like further information about our program, please contact: Contact Info. 2018-2019 Radiology Residents : Radiology : The University of Toledo. The parent general surgery training program is based at the UCSF/Moffitt-Long Hospital and rotates general surgery residents to both hospitals. The program is led by director Edward Kim, M. © 2012-2019 The Regents of the University of California. The Residency Program at UCSF Department of Anesthesia For more than half a century, the UCSF Anesthesia Residency has provided outstanding clinical training and produced leaders in our field. Johannes Kratz is a thoracic surgeon who specializes in treating disorders of the trachea, chest wall, lung, esophagus and mediastinum (the space between the lungs containing the heart and other structures). She graduated summa cum laude from Hendrix College with a B. Our programs include a world-class skin cancer treatment program, caring for patients with melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers, and a complete cutaneous laser center. (415) 885-3606 Center for Colorectal Surgery (415) 885-7673 Center for Pelvic Physiology The generation and maintenance of a diverse repertoire of T cells is an important component of T cell immunity. It is a great opportunity to get exposure to work with the Department of Surgery. Rachel Edlin, MD Cardiac Surgery is one of three sections within the Division of Adult Cardiothoracic Surgery. Sixty percent eventually become academic faculty. The following list shows fellowships that were attained by our graduates over the past fourteen years Johannes Kratz, MD. Treitl holds a B. Since 2000, 156 of our past trainees have become faculty at over 60 universities nationally. Palmer, M. A UCSF Patient Coordinator should be contacting you within one business day. . The Division of Adult Cardiothoracic Surgery is comprised of three programs: Cardiac Surgery, General Thoracic Surgery, and Heart and Lung Transplant. University of California San Francisco UCSF Medical Center UCSF Department of Surgery UCSF School of Medicine. Georgia, Stephen Mathes completed his general surgery residency in 1975 on the faculty at UCSF including the 20 years Plastic Surgery Program director, He has been listed in Who's Who in Science and Technology and is currently  General Surgery Residency: Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle, Washington Advanced Fellowship: UCSF Fresno Valley Medical Center​ Areas of  The Massachusetts General Hospital surgical residency program recruits individuals from around the world who are committed to advancing surgical excellence. What common variations exist in the length/content of residency programs for this career? The basic clinical training in General Surgery is five years. Fourth- Year Residents - PGY 5. , both associate professors in the Division of General Surgery. The dermatology practices at UCSF Medical Center offer comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for patients of all ages. m. , associate director Hueylan Chern, M. South Nassau Communities Hospital General Surgery Residency Program - View Details. in Annual Doximity Survey. UCSF Dept. We are a safety net hospital that rigorously maintains surgical standards of care while utilizing the most current technical advancements. UCSF is a special place, where the excitement about great clinical care, education, and scholarly activity is enhanced by deeply held values of health equity and public service. Following residency, he plans to pursue general surgery in private practice. 2017 CA1 Residents - Class of 2020. An applicant for the General Surgery Residency Training Program at UCSF must have: A medical degree prior to residency program start date from one of the following: Jonathan Cheah, MD. The UCSF Department of Psychiatry Residency Training Program (RTP) is among the top psychiatry residency programs in the nation, according to new data released on July 23 by physician social networking site Doximity. Upon starting her surgical residency at Emory, Rachel began working with other residents on the development of a Global Surgery curriculum. Ed. Current projects include: Understanding how regulatory T cells (specialized immune cells) prevent autoimmune diabetes and transplant rejection Vascular Surgery Residency Program; Surgical Critical Care Fellowship Program; General Surgery Residency Program. Half of these are designated to enter subspecialty training in urology, plastic surgery and flight surgery. , Ph. , M. Watson Fellowship in 2007. The Union City clinic is a stand-alone facility located approximately 35 miles southeast of San Francisco. Here’s what some of our residents – past and present – have to say about our residency training program! Surgery Residency Graduates In the last five years, the majority of our graduates have gone on to fellowship training. Nationally, the program placed in the 99th percentile for research output . Multidisciplinary Patient Care, Innovative Research, Training Tomorrow's Leaders in Academic Surgery. A surgeon removes the spleen in a hospital, and a patient receives general anesthesia. of Orthopaedic Surgery | Program Administrator 500 Parnassus Ave, MU 320 West, Room W314. Tours will be given by residents and any questions you have about the program will be answered. Zarinsefat's research will focus on better understanding the genes and process of rejection in kidney transplantation of HIV-infected recipients. The Critical Care fellow will rotate to two hospitals that are part of the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine integrated hospital system. A. The University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. 2019-20 Interns Class of 2023 Invited applicants will meet with cardiothoracic faculty and current residents. 6th Year Class of 2020Christi Butler, MD2014, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RINatalia Leva, MD2014, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CAKelly Walker, MD, MBA2014, Northwestern University The Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 5th Year Research Year Class of 2021Carissa Chu, MD As part of the T32 Training Grant curriculum, trainees viewed live surgery footage from an awake brain mapping case performed by UCSF neurosurgeon Shawn Hervey-Jumper, MD. ©2019 Duke University and Duke University Health System, All Rights Reserved. in Liberal Arts from Sarah Lawrence College, where she did her undergraduate work in Sociology and Photography. Though many residents select a research mentor within the Department of Surgery at Mass General, which is the largest hospital-based research program in the United States, all of our residents have tremendous flexibility and opportunity in choosing to work in the foremost laboratories in the country or to conduct less traditional projects for Former residents and fellowships/current faculty positions Class of 2018 Caroline Crooms, M. Daud Lodin, MD MPH General Surgery Resident, PGY-2, at Florida Atlantic University San Francisco Bay Area Hospital & Health Care The professional schools of the University of California, San Francisco are among the top in the nation, according to current (2013) U. Director, Advanced Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery Lung surgeon. confused about the match process as you are currently feeling. Vascular Surgery Residency Program; Surgical Critical Care Fellowship Program; General Surgery Residency Program. People with congenital erythropoietic porphyria or hepatoerythropoietic porphyria may need surgery to remove the spleen or blood transfusions to treat anemia. General Surgery Resident PositionHenry Ford Wyandotte Hospital; UCSF Proof of U. Approximately 90% of our graduates enter fellowship programs. Our residents have been very successful in obtaining top notch fellowships in pediatric surgery, surgical oncology, breast oncology, plastics, vascular, cardiothoracic surgery and other specialties. Visiting 4th Year Scholarship to UVA’s General Surgery Department; Application Information; Research Opportunities for Residents; About UVA and Charlottesville; Current Surgery Department of Surgery Launches UCSF Center for Hernia Repair & Abdominal Wall Reconstruction; Dr. comprehensive vascular surgery training program at UCSF Medical  Mar 9, 2017 All ABS directors, other than public members, are currently certified by the ABS and Dr. The study was presented at the most recent Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. citizenship, permanent residency (Green Card) or valid current J-1  General Surgery Residency Past Residents. Rachel Edlin, MD Learn more about the surgical residents in the Department of Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital. The demands of modern health care have led to increasing complexity in the perioperative and critical care environments. He earned a BS in Biology from Creighton University. Dugoni School of Dentistry, invite you to join us for the 26th Annual Island Dental Colloquium. Inaba is director of both the general surgery residency and She then completed a fellowship in endocrine surgical oncology at UCSF. Engelbert Dunphy Resident Research Symposium will be held Wednesday, April 17, 2019 at UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay beginning at 8:30 a. San Francisco, November 2009 Valve Surgery Course, Society of Thoracic Surgery, New York City, NY, November 2008 TEACHING Daily teaching SICU rounds and operating room proctoring, Hennepin County Medical Center (HCMC, 2015-) Clinical Simulation Lab testing for 2nd and 3rd year General Vascular Surgery Residency Program; Surgical Critical Care Fellowship Program; General Surgery Residency Program. The application review process ensures fair and consistent consideration and decision-making for all applicants to the UCSF General Surgery Residency Training Program. Ross, M. Visiting 4th Year Scholarship to UVA’s General Surgery Department; Application Information; Research Opportunities for Residents; About UVA and Charlottesville; Current Surgery Graduates of the program have successfully achieved placement either in private practice or in the academic sector. 1 in Western U. , a UCSF general surgery resident and research fellow in the Sarwal Lab, has been awarded a prestigious UCSF-Gladstone Center For AIDS Research (CFAR) Mentored Scientist Award. Select by Group: All Groups, General Surgery  Professor of Surgery, Medicine, and Health Policy Vice Chair for Faculty Affairs  James T. All Rights Reserved Mission Statement. Arya Zarinsefat, M. Every resident who successfully completes the General Surgery Residency is eligible for certification through the American Board of Surgery. Amanda  Our general surgery residency program's integrated and affiliated training sites Surgical residents perform clinical rotations at our University Medical Center, the . General Surgery Residents operate on all General, Colorectal, Breast, Endovascular, and Vascular Surgery cases and run the SICU and Trauma team. The Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery congratulates Joel Ramirez (UCSF School of Medicine Class of 2019) on matching as the inaugural intern in the new 0+5 ACGME-accredited integrated residency program in vascular surgery. 2019 CA2 Residents - Class of 2021. Sinai Jasmin Dao Mortazavi, M. Kao, MD, MS as this year's visiting Dunphy Professor. The UCSF-East Bay General Surgery Residency Program is led by Program Director Barnard J. Kao is a past president of the Association for Academic Surgery and she is the current president of the Association for Academic Surgery Foundation. The Department is based at the Mount Zion campus and offers a wide range of specialty services in medical, pediatric, surgical and cosmetic dermatology. UCSF-East Bay General Surgery Residency; General surgery residents Bian Wu, M. Medical Students. The UCSF General Surgery Residency was ranked No. The UCSF General Surgery residency program consists of 79 clinical residents and 14 research residents. Palmer is himself an alumnus of the program and the recipient of numerous resident teaching awards. We offer approximately 40 positions in the first year. ben carrle, M. Surgical Residents - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA Skip to Main Navigation Skip to Content Biography. in philosophy and was the recipient of a Thomas J. The Division of General Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco has a long, proud tradition of excellence in clinical care, surgical education, and research. We are dedicated to preparing residents and fellows in  The Division of General Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco  Mar 15, 2019 The Department of Surgery warmly welcomes our eight new  Aug 23, 2018 UCSF General Surgery Residency Program Ranked No. Our faculty incl The UCSF General Surgery residency program consists of 79 clinical residents   Mar 16, 2018 The Department of Surgery warmly welcomes our seven new  The Department of Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco is We are one of the largest clinical services at UCSF performing a high volume of procedures. He completed a general surgery residency, and immunology and clinical transplantation fellowships at University of California, San Francisco. ucsf general surgery current residents

dx, vx, rh, rv, x3, ah, 3v, f3, ci, ql, 6v, jo, kv, aw, kw, 9s, h6, 2v, 1v, nr, 4k, 8s, mc, x4, k5, jn, hj, ez, 3e, ea, ve,